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Unexplained Infertility Through In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a treatment used for couples who have unexplained infertility. Having unexplained fertility means that doctors don’t know the reason as to why you can’t get pregnant. From the latest research updates, IVF can help infertile couples. Its performance depends partly on the couple’s age and the clinic they attend.
IVF is a short form for In Vitro fertilization. It’s currently one of the best and mostly used forms of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology). Scientists use ovules and sperms in a laboratory to assist couples get a baby. IVF is normally recommended after other options have failed.
The process of fertilization is carried out in the lab. Doctors combine the male’s sperm and the female’s egg in a lab (In Vitro). The fertilized embryo is then implanted into the female womb to allow growth to occur in a normal environment like other normal pregnancies.
The IVF cycle treatments consist of a series of stages. At first, the female receives hormone treatments for egg preparation. The treatment is usually in form of a nasal spray and injections. This increases egg production and the ovary ends up producing about 20 eggs instead of one. This increases the chances of having a fertilized egg.
The egg’s growth is monitored using ultra sound scans. The doctors also ensure that the womb’s lining is thickening in preparation for pregnancy. When enough number of eggs has matured, the doctor removes the eggs carefully. The eggs are sucked out by a fine needle that is passed up through the vaginal wall to the ovary. An aesthetic is offered during the process. Further hormonal treatments follow to prepare the womb for pregnancy.
The doctor combines the female’s egg and the male’s sperms in a special fluid that encourages fertilization. This is done in the lab. When the two fuses, fertilization is said to have taken place. The new fertilized egg is called an embryo.
The embryos are left for 2 to 5 days after which the doctor puts one or two healthy embryos in the female’s womb. This is done using a fine tube which is placed up through the cervix into the vagina. Aesthetic are not necessary for this process.
Sometimes IVF can be used together with ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection). The ICSI involves a sperm being injected directly into an egg. The reason for this can be if there was a first attempt and it failed.
Recent research shows that IVF increases the chances of having a baby. It may not work for the first try so one has to try for several times. The treatment works best for females under the age of 35 years. A couple should consider going to a big fertility clinic for better chances of fertilization.
For financial issues, a couple may apply for Ehic application (EHIC). The card allows you to access medical health care at a reduced cost and sometimes free of charge. It covers for a routine maternity care so long as you remain within the European jurisdictions when giving birth.